you know about hepatitis? What you need,
You may have heard of it, but do you really know what hepatitis is? Many people are not sure what the effects of hepatitis are and they underestimate their risk because they don’t know what causes it.
In short, hepatitis is a medical term for liver inflammation. Depending on the cause, it can cause severe liver damage, including cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver cancer in some cases. Without treatment, certain types of hepatitis can be fatal.
What causes hepatitis?
Broadly speaking, hepatitis can be divided into two categories: viral and non-viral. In viral hepatitis, infection causes inflammation of the liver. This includes hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E, as well as viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus that cause glandular fever. There are many more non-viral causes, including:
Autoimmune diseases (your body’s immune system turns on automatically)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Hepatitis types to watch out for
Some types of hepatitis are more common than others. Hepatitis C is the most common form of viral hepatitis in the UK. Hepatitis B is the most widespread form of hepatitis in the world, with 257 million people suffering from chronic (persistent) hepatitis B infections in 2015.
Hepatitis E remains uncommon in the UK, with 994 cases reported in 2018. It used to be thought that the virus could only be obtained abroad, but the number of cases transmitted in the UK has increased since 2010 due to the consumption of processed pork products. Hepatitis E can be transmitted not only through feces (faeces), but also through animals (animal diseases). A 2014 study found that more than 90% of British pigs had antibodies against hepatitis E virus in their blood, and that nearly 6% of pigs are currently infected. Eating undercooked meat increases the risk of contracting the virus.
Alcoholic hepatitis is quite common in the UK, but many people don’t know they have it. Although reducing alcohol intake is reversible, alcoholic hepatitis continues to cause cirrhosis. To minimise various health risks, the UK guidelines state that you should avoid drinking more than 14 units a week.
Hepatitis A is usually a short-term illness from which people can recover, but it can be unpleasant and uncomfortable for you. When infected feces often enter the mouth through contaminated water or food, it is highly contagious and is transmitted through the feces through the mouth. The virus can also be spread through close contact with people who have not washed their hands after going to the toilet, or sharing food or tableware with others.
People travelling to high-risk countries (usually in areas with poor sanitation) and people at high risk should get the hepatitis A vaccine.
Pamela Healy, CEO of the British Liver Foundation, explained that hepatitis B is transmitted through body fluids such as semen and blood, not through coughing and sneezing.
“Most people with hepatitis B are born to their mothers at birth, or they come in contact with another infected person at an early age.” ) Transmission. Certain jobs may put people at risk for hepatitis because they involve contact with infectious body fluids. ”
The only way to determine if you have hepatitis B is to get tested. “As the virus enters your body, there may be no symptoms for one to six months. Like most liver diseases, many people with hepatitis B never have any symptoms and people can spread the virus without their knowledge.”
There is currently no cure for hepatitis B. Nine out of ten adults clear the virus more than two-thirds of the time. As many as two-thirds of people with a chronic infection will stay in good shape, but can transmit the virus to others. Some will continue to show symptoms, some may continue to develop cirrhosis, and a few will develop liver cancer.